## Statistics - Correlation Matrix

If you ask for cross tabulation between two number fields or weighted score questions, Raosoft
SURVEYWin computes Pearson correlation between the two fields. Here is a quick example to describe
what correlation means:

If you have two questions on your form such as 'How much money do you make?' and 'What type of
car do you drive?' and you want to see if people who make more money drive expensive cars, you
would do a correlation matrix on these two questions.

If you are using weighted score questions then you need to make sure you set up the options
accordingly. For example if your income options were:

- $10k
- $20k
- $30k
- $40k

Then in order to correlate properly you would want your vehicle choices in ascending order of cost:
- $5k
- $10k
- $15k
- $40k

With our questions set up like this, the following can be inferred:

If you get a positive correlation, then people who make more money drive more expensive cars.
Conversely, if you get a negative correlation, then people who make more money drive less expensive cars.

If the correlation value is marked with a + symbol, then your correlation is significant. A non-significant
correlation means that your two variables are not strongly related (ie: income has no effect on car ownership).
### To create a Correlation Matrix:

- Select
**Statistics Correlation Matrix **or use the keyboard combination Ctrl+Shift+M.
The *Correlation Analysis* dialog box will appear.
- In the listbox labeled
**Select Questions**, select the question to use in
the plot and move it into the **Questions Selected** window by using the right
arrow button. You must move in two weighted score or write in number questions to create a correlation matrix.
- Click
**Finish**. A cross-hair cursor will appear. Locate the cross-hair where you
would like the plot to appear and press the left-mouse button.